Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif Beserta Penerapannya

Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif Beserta Penerapannya

Seperti yang telah kita ketahui, tidak hanya dalam bahasa Indonesia saja yang memiliki berbagai jenis kalimat. Di dalam bahasa Inggris pun akan kita jumpai berbagai jenis kalimat seperti kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif. Bagi orang-orang yang sudah mahir berbahasa Inggris, untuk membedakan dan membuat contoh kalimat aktif dan pasif pastilah akan sangat mudah. Namun bagi mereka yang sedang belajar bahasa Inggris, terkadang akan mengalami sedikit kesulitan. Baiklah, berikut ini penjelasan kalimat aktif dan pasif beserta contoh dan penerapannya.

Perbedaan Kalimat Aktif dan Kalimat Pasif

Pada dasarnya definisi kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris tidak jauh berbeda dengan definisi kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Indonesia. Namun, akan sangat berbeda saat kalimat aktif dalam bahasa Indonesia diubah ke dalam kalimat aktif bahasa Inggris, begitu pula sebaliknya.

Hal ini dikarenakan, di dalam bahasa Inggris terdapat cukup banyak tenses yang dapat digunakan. Tenses sendiri merupakan bentuk kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan waktu telah terjadinya peristiwa atau perbuatan (saat ini, yang akan datang atau masa depan, dan yang sudah terjadi atau masa lalu.

Pengertian Kalimat Aktif (Active Voice)

Kalimat yang subjeknya menggunakan kata kerja atau sedang melakukan suatu tindakan, maka disebut sebagai kalimat aktif atau active voice. Kalimat aktif pada umumnya sangat mudah untuk dipahami.

Pengertian Kalimat Pasif (Passive Voice)

Kalimat yang subjeknya diberi suatu tindakan ataupun diberi kata kerja, maka disebut kalimat pasif atau passive voice.

Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif dalam Bahasa Inggris

Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif ini akan dibedakan menjadi 5 jenis kalimat. Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam bentuk simple present tense. Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam bentuk past tense.

Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam bentuk perfect tense. Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam bentuk past continuous. Terakhir adalah kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam bentuk present continuous tense. Berikut ini contohnya untuk anda.

Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Kalimat Pasif dalam Bentuk Simple Present Tense

  • [Active Voice] She read a book in the library. (Dia membaca buku di perpustakaan)
  • [Passive Voice] The book is read by her in the library. (Buku dibaca olehnya di perpustakaan)
  • [Active Voice] My parents buy a new car this morning. (Orang tuaku membeli mobil baru pagi ini)
  • [Passive Voice] The new car is bought by my parents this morning. (Mobil baru dibeli orang tuaku pagi ini)
  • [Active Voice] My little sister ask the waiter to bring a water. (Adikku meminta pelayan untuk membawakan segelas air)
  • [Passive Voice] The waiter is asked by my little sister to bring a water. (Pelayan dimintai adikku untuk membawakan segelas air)
  • [Active Voice] Gembul eat fried rice in the moring. (Gembul makan nasi goreng pagi ini)
  • [Passive Voice] Fried rice is ate by gembul in the morning. (Nasi goreng dimakan Gembul pagi ini)
  • [Active Voice] I ride a bike when she run next to me. (Aku mengendarai sepeda saat dia berlari di sebelahku)
  • [Passive Voice] The bike is rode by me when she run next to me. (Sepeda dikendarai olehku saat dia berlari di sebelahku)
  • [Active Voice] Bambang wash that friuts in the river. (Bambang mencuci buah-buahan di sungai)
  • [Passive Voice] That fruits are washed by Bambang in the river. (Buah-buahan dicuci bambang di sungai)
  • [Active Voice] I gril a snapper last summer. (Aku membakar ikan kakap di musim panas kemarin)
  • [Passive Voice] A Snapper is grilled by me last summer. (Ikan kakap dibakar olehku di musim panas kemarin)
  • [Active Voice] I punch Ridho when Mr. Dakir’s class. (Aku memukul Ridho saat kelas Pak Dakir)
  • [Passive Voice] Ridho is punched by me when Mr. Dakir’s class. (Ridho dipukul olehku saat kelas Pak Dakir)
  • [Active Voice] I hate spinach because it’s taste bitter. (Aku benci bayam karena rasanya yang pahit)
  • [Passive Voice] Spinach is hatted by me because it’s taste bitter. (Bayam dibenci olehku karena rasanya yang pahit)
  • [Active Voice] I love her at the first sight. (Aku menyukainya pada pandangan pertama)
  • [Passive Voice] She is loved by me at the first sight. (Dia disukai olehku pada pandangan pertama)
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Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Kalimat Pasif dalam Bentuk Past Tense

  • [Active Voice] I bought this shoes yesterday. (Aku membeli sepatu ini kemarin)
  • [Passive Voice] This shoes was bought by me yesterday. (Sepatu ini dibeli olehku kemarin)
  • [Active Voice] She called me everyday after that. (Dia menelponku setiap hari setelah kejadian itu)
  • [Passive Voice] I was called everyday by her after that incident. (Aku ditelpon setiap hari olehnya setelah kejadian itu)
  • [Active Voice] Gembul ate fried chicken last night. (Gembul makan ayam goreng tadi malam)
  • [Passive Voice] Fried chicken was ate by Gembul last night. (Ayam goreng dimakan Gembul tadi malam)
  • [Active Voice] My mother cooked rendang last Eid. (Ibuku memasak rendang Idul Fitri kemarin)
  • [Passive Voice] Rendang cooked by my mother last Eid. (Rendang dimasak ibuku Idul Fitri kemarin)
  • [Active Voice] I punched Ridho after he mock me. (Aku memukul Ridho setelah dia mengejekku)
  • [Passive Voice] Ridho was punched by me after he mock me. (Ridho dipukul oleh aku setelah dia mengejekku)
  • [Active Voice] She sent me a message around 9 pm. (Dia mengirim pesan padaku sekitar jam 9 malam)
  • [Passive Voice] I was sent a message by her around 9 pm. (Aku dikirimi pesan olehnya sekitar jam 9 malam)
  • [Active Voice] Dibyo played soccer yesterday. (Dibyo bermain sepak bola kemarin)
  • [Passive Voice] Soccer was played by Dibyo yesterday. (Sepak bola dimainkan oleh Dibyo kemarin)
  • [Active Voice] I met them in the park. (Aku bertemu dengan mereka di taman)
  • [Passive Voice] They were met by me in the park. (Mereka ditemukan olehku di taman)
  • [Active Voice] Newton discovered gravity on 1643. (Newton menemukan grafitasi pada tahun 1643)
  • [Passive Voice] The Gravity was discovered by Newton on 1643. (Grafitasi ditemukan oleh Newton pada tahun 1643)
  • [Active Voice] This lotion burned my skin after three weeks. (Lotion ini membakar kulitku setlah 3 minggu)
  • [Passive Voice] My skin was burned by this lotion after three weeks. (Kulitku dibakar oleh lotion ini setelah 3 minggu)
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Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Kalimat Pasif dalam Bentuk Perfect Tense

  • [Active Voice] Bambang has started catfish bussines after that day. (Bambang memulai bisnis lele mulai hari itu)
  • [Passive Voice] Catfish bussines have been started by Bambang after that day. (Bisnis lele dimulai oleh Bambang setelah hari itu)
  • [Active Voice] I have already remembered her name. (Aku sudah mengingat namanya sekarang)
  • [Passive Voice] Her name has already been remembered by me now. (Namanya sudah aku ingat sekarang)
  • [Active Voice] Gembul has finished hisexam. (Gembul sudah selesai melaksanakan ujian)
  • [Passive Voice] The exam has been fineshed by Gembul. (Ujian sudah diselesaikan oleh Gembul)
  • [Active Voice] I have waited your message since last night. (Aku sudah menunggu pesanmu sejak semalam)
  • [Passive Voice] Your message have been waited by me since last night. (Pesanmu aku tunggu sejak semalam)
  • [Active Voice] Ridho has told me about his ucle. (Ridho bercerita padaku tentang pamannya)
  • [Passive Voice] I have been told about Ridho’s uncle. (Aku diceritakan oleh Ridho tentang pamannya)
  • [Active Voice] She has became my friend up until now. (Dia menjadi temanku hingga saat ini)
  • [Passive Voice] I have been became her friend up until now. (Aku menjadi temannya hingga saat ini)
  • [Active Voice] Dibyo has already knew my weakness. (Dibyo sudah mengetahui kelemahanku)
  • [Passive Voice] My weakness have already been knew by Dibyo. (Kelemahanku telah diketahui oleh Dibyo)
  • [Active Voice] I have already met them in the park. (Aku telah bertemu dengan mereka di taman)
  • [Passive Voice] They have already been met me in the park. (Mereka telah bertemu denganku di taman)
  • [Active Voice] My little sister have forgotten her homework. (Adikku melupakan PRnya)
  • [Passive Voice] Homework have been forgotten by my little sister. (PR telah dilupakan oleh adikku)
  • [Active Voice] We have sent a message to Mr Dakir. (Kita sudah mengirim sebuah pesan kepada Pak Dakir)
  • [Passive Voice] A message has been sent to Mr Dakir by us. (Sebuah pesan sudah dikirim kepada Pak Dakir oleh kita)

Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Kalimat Pasif dalam Bentuk Past Continuous

  • [Active Voice] I was watching a movie when she called me. (Aku sedang menonton film ketika dia menelpon)
  • [Passive Voice] A movie was being watched by me when she called me. (Film sedang ditonton olehku ketika dia menelponku)
  • [Active Voice] They were making soup when I slept. (Mereka sedang membuat sup ketika aku tidur)
  • [Passive Voice] The soup was being maked by them when I slept. (Sup sedang dibuat oleh mereka ketika aku tidur)
  • [Active Voice] Gembul was eating apple while the robbers came. (Gembul sedang makan apel saat pencuri itu datang)
  • [Passive Voice] The Apple was being eaten while the robbers came. (Apel sedang dimakan Gembul saat pencuri itu datang)
  • [Active Voice] She was dreaming about her mother after that incident. (Dia bermimpi tentang ibunya setelah kejadian itu)
  • [Passive Voice] Her mother was being dreamed by her after tat incident. (Ibunya dimimpikan olehnya setelah kejadian itu)
  • [Active Voice] I was punching Ridho as soon as he mocked me. (Aku memukul Ridho setelah dia mengejekku)
  • [Passive Voice] Ridho was being punched by me as soon as he mocked me. (Ridho telah dipukul olehku setelah dia mengejekku)
  • [Active Voice] She was boiling the vegetables while Mr Dakir maked the grilled meat. (Dia sedang merebus sayuran saat Pak Dakir membuat daging panggang)
  • [Passive Voice] The vegetables were being boiled by her while Mr Dakir maked the grilled meat. (Sayuran sedang direbus saat Pak Dakir membuat daging panggang)
  • [Active Voice] Dibyo was playing soccer until Ridho got an accident. (Dibyo sedang bermain bola hingga Ridho mendapat masalah)
  • [Passive Voice] Soccer was being played by Dibyo until Ridho got an accident. (Sepak bola sedang dimainkan oleh Dibyo hingga Ridho mendapat masalah)
  • [Active Voice] I was meeting them after she cried. (Aku bertemu dengan mereka sesaat setelah dia menangis)
  • [Passive Voice] They were being met by me after she cried. (Mereka sedang bertemu denganku sesaat setelah dia menangis)
  • [Active Voice] We were painting the wall this morning. (Kita mewarnai dinding pagi ini)
  • [Passive Voice] The wall was being painted by us this morning. (Diinding telah diwarnai oleh kita pagi ini)
  • [Active Voice] The postman was delivering that message while I went to school. (Tukang pos mengirimkan surat saat aku berangkat sekolah)
  • [Passive Voice] That message was being delivered by the postman while I went to school.(Surat itu dikirimkan oleh tukang pos saat aku berangkat sekolah)
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Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Kalimat Pasif dalam Bentuk Present Continuous Tense

  • [Active Voice] I am buying a book. (Aku membeli sebuah buku)
  • [Passive Voice] A book is being bought by me. (Sebuah buku dibeli olehku)
  • [Active Voice] She is making a cake. (Dia sedang membuat kue)
  • [Passive Voice] A cake is being maked by her. (Sebuah kue sedang dibuat olehnya)
  • [Active Voice] Gembul is eating a fish. (Gembul sedang makan makan ikan)
  • [Passive Voice] A fish is eaten by Gembul. (Seekor ikan sedang dimakan Gembul)
  • [Active Voice] I am building my shop this month. (Aku membangun tokoku bulan ini)
  • [Passive Voice] My shop is builded by me this month. (Tokoku sedang dibangun olehku pada bulan ini)
  • [Active Voice] I am punching Ridho today. (Aku memukul Rdho hari ini)
  • [Passive Voice] Ridho is being punched by me today.(Ridho dipukul olehku hari ini)
  • [Active Voice] We are managing this event really well. (Kita mengatur acara ini dengan sangat baik)
  • [Passive Voice] This event is managed really well by us. (Acara ini daitur dengan sangat baik oleh kita)
  • [Active Voice] Dibyo is playing soccer with us. (Dibyo bermain bola dengan kita)
  • [Passive Voice] Soccer is being played by Dibyo and us. (Sepak bola sedang dimainkan oleh Dibyo dan kita)
  • [Active Voice] I am meeting them in the park. (Aku bertemu dengan mereka di taman)
  • [Passive Voice] They are being met me in the park. (Mereka sedang bertemu denganku di taman)
  • [Active Voice] She is wearing that ring now. (Dia mengenakan cincin itu sekarang)
  • [Passive Voice] That ring is being worn by her now. (Cincin itu sedang dikenakan olehnya sekarang)
  • [Active Voice] I am writting this love latter. (Aku menulis surat cinta ini)
  • [Passive Voice] This love latter being written by me. (Surat cinta ini sedang ditulis olehku)

Demikianlah contoh kalimat aktif dan pasif yang dapat anda pelajari. Dengan contoh-contoh ini tersebut diharapkan anda akan lebih mudah dalam menggunakannya di keseharian.

2 Replies to “Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif Beserta Penerapannya”

  1. Ada yg salah contoh nya kak
    [Active Voice] Gembul ate fried chicken last night. (Gembul makan ayam goreng tadi malam)
    [Passive Voice] Fried chicken was ate by Gembul last night. (Ayam goreng dimakan Gembul tadi malam)

    Harus nya : fried chicken was eaten by gembul last night. Kata kerja nya mngunakan verb 3

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